Refund Clause of Contributions with Predetermined Interest under CEV Model
This work studies the optimal control strategy for a pension plan with refund clause of contri-butions with predetermined interest under constant elasticity of variance (CEV) in a defined contribution (DC) pension plan. A model which mandates fund managers to refund dead mem-bers’ accumulations with predetermined interest to their next of kin during the accumulation phase is considered. Also considered herein are investments in a bank security and stock where the stock market price is driven by the CEV model and the remaining accumulations are equally distributed between the remaining members. Furthermore, the game theoretic approach is use in establishing an optimization problem from the extended Hamilton Jacobi Bellman (HJB) equation which is a non-linear partial differential equation (PDE). Using mean variance utility function and method of variable separation, explicit solutions of the optimal control strategy and the efficient frontier are obtained. Finally, Numerical simulations and theoretical analysis are used to study the effect of the elasticity parameter β and some other parameters on the optimal control strategy with observations that the elasticity parameter affects the investment strategy of the fund manager significantly. Also, we observed that the optimal control strategy employed by the fund manager is inversely proportional to the risk aversion coefficient, initial fund size, instantaneous volatility and predetermined interest rate but directly proportional to time.
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